[1] Xu H G, Zhong G R, Lin J J, et al.  Effect of nitrogen management during the panicle stage in rice on the nitrogen utilization of rice and succeeding wheat crops[J]. European Journal of Agronomy, 2015, 70: 41-47.   doi: 10.1016/j.eja.2015.06.008
[2] 巨晓棠.  氮肥有效率的概念及意义——兼论对传统氮肥利用率的理解误区[J]. 土壤学报, 2014, 51(5): 921-933.
Ju X T.  The concept and meanings of nitrogen fertilizer availability ratio-discussing misunderstanding of traditional nitrogen use efficiency[J]. Acta Pedologica Sinica, 2014, 51(5): 921-933.
[3] Broadbent F E.  Residual effects of labeled N in field trials[J]. Agronomy Journal, 1980, 72: 325-329.
[4] Sebilo M, Mayer B, Nicolardot B, et al.  Long-term fate of nitrate fertilizer in agricultural soils[J]. Proceedings of the National Academy of the Sciences of the United States of America, 2013, 110(45): 18185-18189.   doi: 10.1073/pnas.1305372110
[5]

史天昊. 不同施肥下典型农田氮素残留特征及可利用性[D]. 贵阳: 贵州大学硕士论文, 2015.

Shi T H. Nitrogen residual characteristics and availability on typical farmlands under different fertilization in China [D]. Guiyang: MS Thesis of Guizhou University, 2015.

[6] Jastrow J D, Boutton T W, Miller R M.  Carbon dynamics of aggregate associated organic matter estimated by carbon-13 natural abundance[J]. Soil Science Society of America Journal, 1996, 60: 801-807.   doi: 10.2136/sssaj1996.03615995006000030017x
[7] 陈恩凤, 关连珠, 汪景宽, 等.  土壤特征微团聚体的组成比例与肥力评价[J]. 土壤学报, 2001, 38(1): 49-53.   doi: 10.3321/j.issn:0564-3929.2001.01.007
Chen E F, Guan L Z, Wang J K, et al.  Compositional proportion of soil characteristic micro aggregates and soil fertility evaluation[J]. Acta Pedologica Sinica, 2001, 38(1): 49-53.   doi: 10.3321/j.issn:0564-3929.2001.01.007
[8] Bimüllera C, Kreylinga O, Kölbla A, et al.  Carbon and nitrogen mineralization in hierarchically structured aggregates of different size[J]. Soil & Tillage Research, 2016, 160: 23-33.
[9] 杨洪波, 史天昊, 徐明岗, 等.  长期不同施肥下肥料氮在不同黑土团聚体有机物中的固持差异[J]. 植物营养与肥料学报, 2018, 24(2): 357-364.
Yang H B, Shi T H, Xu M G, et al.  Residing differences of fertilizer nitrogen in aggregates of black soil under long-term fertilization treatments[J]. Journal of Plant Nutrition and Fertilizers, 2018, 24(2): 357-364.
[10] 李桂花.  不同施肥对土壤微生物活性、群落结构和生物量的影响[J]. 中国农学通报, 2010, 26(14): 204-208.
Li G H.  Effect of organic amendments and chemical fertilizer on soil microbial activity, biomass and community structure[J]. Chinese Agricultural Science Bulletin, 2010, 26(14): 204-208.
[11] 李东坡, 武志杰, 陈利军.  有机农业施肥方式对土壤微生物活性的影响研究[J]. 中国生态农业学报, 2005, 13(2): 99-101.
Li D P, Wu Z J, Chen L J.  Influence of fertilizing modes of organic agriculture on the microbial activities[J]. Chinese Journal of Eco-Agriculture, 2005, 13(2): 99-101.
[12] 刘晶, 张跃伟, 张巧明, 等.  土地利用方式对豫西黄土丘陵区土壤团聚体微生物生物量及群落组成的影响[J]. 草业科学, 2018, 35(4): 771-780.
Liu J, Zhang Y W, Zhang Q M, et al.  Effect of different land use types on soil aggregates microbial biomass and community composition in the Loess Hilly region of west Henan[J]. Grassland Science, 2018, 35(4): 771-780.
[13] Leinweber P, Reuter G.  The influence of different fertilization practices on concentrations of organic carbon and total nitrogen in particle-size fractions during 34 years of a soil formation experiment in loamy marl[J]. Biology and Fertility of Soils, 1992, 13(2): 119-124.   doi: 10.1007/BF00337346
[14] 朱兆良.  中国土壤氮素研究[J]. 土壤学报, 2008, 45(5): 780-782.
Zhu Z L.  Reserch on soil nitrogen in China[J]. Acta Pedologica Sinica, 2008, 45(5): 780-782.
[15] 文倩, 赵小蓉, 陈焕伟, 等.  半干旱地区不同土壤团聚体中微生物量碳的分布特征[J]. 中国农业科学, 2004, 37(10): 1504-1509.   doi: 10.3321/j.issn:0578-1752.2004.10.017
Wen Q, Zhao X R, Chen H W, et al.  Distribution characteristics of microbial biomass carbon in different soil aggregates in semi-arid area[J]. Scientia Agricultura Sinica, 2004, 37(10): 1504-1509.   doi: 10.3321/j.issn:0578-1752.2004.10.017
[16] 刘玮, 蒋先军.  耕作方式对土壤不同粒径团聚体氮素矿化的影响[J]. 土壤, 2013, 45(3): 464-469.   doi: 10.3969/j.issn.0253-9829.2013.03.013
Liu W, Jiang X J.  Effects of tillage on nitrogen mineralization in aggregate-size fractions of subtropical rice soil[J]. Soils, 2013, 45(3): 464-469.   doi: 10.3969/j.issn.0253-9829.2013.03.013
[17] 王岩, 徐阳春, 沈其荣.  有机、无机肥料15N在土壤不同粒级中的分布及其生物有效性[J]. 土壤通报, 2002, 33(6): 410-413.   doi: 10.3321/j.issn:0564-3945.2002.06.003
Wang Y, Xu Y C, Shen Q R.  Distribution of 15N from organic and inorganic fertilizers in different size fractions of soil and its availability[J]. Chinese Journal of Soil Science, 2002, 33(6): 410-413.   doi: 10.3321/j.issn:0564-3945.2002.06.003
[18] 黄生斌, 陈新平, 张福锁.  冬小麦施氮对下茬夏玉米的后效[J]. 中国农业大学学报, 2002, 7(1): 54-58.   doi: 10.3321/j.issn:1007-4333.2002.01.011
Huang S B, Chen X P, Zhang F S.  Effect of residual nitrogen applied to winter wheat on the following summer maize[J]. Journal of China Agricultural University, 2002, 7(1): 54-58.   doi: 10.3321/j.issn:1007-4333.2002.01.011
[19]

丛耀辉. 黑土区水稻土水稳性团聚体有机氮组分及其对矿化氮的贡献[D]. 沈阳: 沈阳农业大学硕士学位论文, 2016.

Cong Y H. Soil organic nitrogen forms and their contributions to mineralizable nitrogen in water-stable aggregates of paddy soil in black soil region [D]. Shenyang: MS Thesis of Shenyang Agricultural University, 2016.

[20]

王红旗. 土壤环境学[M]. 北京: 高等教育出版社. 2006. 40–45.

Wang H Q. Soil environment science [M]. Beijing: Higher Education Press, 2006. 40–45.

[21]

邵兴芳. 长期有机培肥模式下黑土团聚体碳氮积累及矿化特征[D]. 武汉: 武汉科技大学硕士学位论文, 2014.

Shao X F. Aggregates under long-term manure fertilization practices on Black Soil [D]. Wuhan: MS Thesis of Wuhan University of Technology, 2014.

[22] Craswell E T, Saffigna P G, Waring S A.  The mineralization of organic nitrogen in dry soil aggregates of different sizes[J]. Plant and Soil, 1970, 33(1-3): 383-392.   doi: 10.1007/BF01378229